Emergency management deals with the process of preparing for, responding to, and recovering from an emergency, such as earthquakes, fires, storms, hazardous materials incidents, and civil disturbances. Professional roles are varied in the field, ranging from working in environmental protection to risk analysis, emergency response to information systems.
Public education is the umbrella term for any tuition-free and publicly funded school that resides within a governed school system. The public education system in the United States is expansive, with nearly 50 million students attending public elementary and secondary schools in the fall of 2014. Career paths are varied, presenting opportunities areas such as teaching, administration, technology, curriculum development, and support services. Online education and teaching degrees offer a convenient path toward entering the public education field.
Public health is concerned with improving health at both the local and global levels. A diverse field, public health covers multiple disciplines, from medicine to public policy. Major public health areas include global health and epidemics, environmental health, community health, children’ health, health policy, and biostatistics and informatics.
Public interest law is a practice of law that supports areas of public concern, such as environmental protection, discrimination, human rights, immigration, consumer protection, and women’ issues. Public service practice occurs in multiple settings, including nonprofit legal services, public defense offices, labor unions, local and state government offices, and private public interest law firms.
These types of careers are dedicated to the protection, mitigation, and response to issues that threaten the well-being of the general public, including crime, natural disasters, property damage, and fire. Common public safety organizations include fire departments, law enforcement agencies, correctional facilities, emergency medical services, and emergency management agencies. Several public safety careers call for a college degree in criminal justice. Search a list of the best online criminal justice programs.
This part of public service is a form of education that focuses on teaching children under the ages of eight, but is most commonly associated with pre-kindergarten instruction. Instruction in these programs deals with the positive social and cognitive development of young children and is offered in a variety of settings, such as day care centers, preschools, nursery schools, public schools, early childhood education centers, and even home-based.
Public and school libraries are access points for individuals in the community and students to access information, learn, and participate in educational programs. According to the American Library Association, there are more than 400,000 librarians and support staff workers across the country managing and supporting library systems.
The mission of organizations and groups working in public interest for those with disabilities and the elderly is to promote their health, well-being, and safety. Example programs and areas of care include family caregiver support, adult protective services, meals for seniors, senior community services, disability discrimination, and vocational training. Multiple career avenues exist in these areas, spanning from working in a department of rehabilitation to a youth employment opportunity program.
Military service revolves around an individual’ participation in the United States Armed Forces, which consists of five military branches: Navy, Marine Corps, Army, Coast Guard, and Air Force. This complex system consists of individuals serving in various roles, both military specific and civilian in-nature. The Bureau of Labor Statistics divides military careers into different categories but does not track employment growth or salaries. Salaries in the military are determined by several factors including the servicemember’ rank, duty assignment, location, service time, and branch of service. The current 2015 military pay chart includes a breakout by rank and grade. Example career areas include the following:
A private nonprofit organization that provides at least one of the following public services:
The current application is still under development and borrowers will become eligible for loan forgiveness in October 2017. Prospective applicants need to submit the PSLF application after making their 120th qualifying loan and be working for a qualified public service organization at the time. Tracking public employment is a central component of the application process and applicants can use the PSLF Certification form from the Department of Education to track their progress.